London will go into local lockdown from Friday with household mixing banned
Household mixing will be banned in London as of midnight on Friday. UK government, Boris Johnson, said that the English capital would be moved into the “high” Covid-19 tier amid rising new infections, the capital’s members of parliament have been told.
As of Saturday, Londoners will be prohibited from mixing with other households in homes and other indoor settings, including hospitality venues, after the UK government agreed with London mayor Sadiq Khan that the city required tougher restrictions to curb the spread of the coronavirus.
UK health minister Helen Whateley announced the news to London members of Parliament in a call on Thursday morning, with Prime Minister Johnson expected to confirm it in a statement later in the day.
People in the capital will be allowed to continue visiting pubs, bars, and restaurants, but only with people from the same household.
Khan has been pushing for London’s alert status to changed from “medium” to “high” and had a meeting with UK Health Secretary Matt Hancock and Chief Medical Officer Chris Whitty on Wednesday, the Times of London reports.
London was put in the least serious category — “medium” — when Prime Minister Johnson unveiled the government’s new tiered system for enforcing local lockdowns earlier this week.
However, while the number of infections and hospitalizations in the capital are not as high as in the north of England, they have been growing exponentially with Khan this week warning that the virus was spreading “so quickly.”
According to Dr Zweli Mkhize, the data behind the alcohol ban shows that there was a significant reduction in alcohol-related trauma cases at our hospitals. However, the number of cases increased significantly when the ban was eased.
“Projections show that we could alleviate the pressure on hospitals by stopping thousands of alcohol-related trauma cases in only the first week after the alcohol ban.”
Lodges, bed and breakfast, timeshare facilities and resorts and guest houses;
Conference and meeting venues;
The basic rules for restaurants:
Restaurants, fast food outlets and coffee shops must keep a daily record of the full names, ID number or passport number, nationality, nature of position (i.e. temporary, casual or permanent), residential address, and cell phone numbers of all employees and delivery persons;
Ensure that every employee and delivery person is screened on arrival for shifts and on departing after shifts;
Provide employees with masks to wear and hand sanitiser;
Ensure that an area is demarcated for the collection of orders for delivery that is separate from the place where food is prepared;
Ensure that a contactless pickup zone for customers whose orders are ready to be collected is designated;
Sit-down restaurants must conduct a screening questionnaire and take precautionary measures to protect the person and other persons on the premises. Such measures may include denying such a person access to the premises;
Ensure that customers or guests wear masks at all times while they are on their premises except when eating or drinking;
Ensure that customers or guests queue at least one and a half meters apart behind each other or sideways;
Remove excess chairs /stools and tables or tables combined to enlarge the floor space while reducing and spreading seat capacity to enforce distancing of one and a half meters between guests or customers;
Consider a reservation system to manage demand, and help ensure that capacity limits are adhered to;
No buffets may be offered to guests for self -service;
Food may only be plated and/or provided in covered single portions;
Guests may pickup pre-portioned items and any other buffet service should be handled by food service employees only from behind Perspex or similar protective shields;
Menus must be replaced with non -touch options or sanitised after each guest use;
Where possible and for instance while taking orders, waiting staff must stand at least a meter from tables;
Where possible, tablecloths should be removed from tables. Only essential items such as salt and pepper, should remain on tables and be sanitised after each guest;
Remove excess chairs /stools and tables or tables combined to enlarge the floor space while reducing and spreading seat capacity to enforce distancing of one and a half meters between guests or customers;
Items on waiting stations must be minimised;
Clearing and cleaning systems with designated containers for different items and sealable refuse containers for food waste must be implemented and used.
It should be noted that the directive makes no provision for the sale of alcohol for on-site consumption.
South Africa’s economy is now expected to contract by 7.2 percent in 2020, its largest shrinkage in nearly 90 years, dragged down by the ravages of the Covid-19 global pandemic, Finance Minister Tito Mboweni said on Wednesday.
Mboweni placed infrastructure development at the centre of reviving economic growth.
He said commodity price increases and a weaker oil price had softened the blow, but that as a small open economy reliant on exports South Africa had been hit hard by both the collapse in global demand and the restrictions to economic activity brought on by the health crisis.
A supplementary budget review also published by the National Treasury on Wednesday said millions of jobs were at risk and millions of households were experiencing increased hardship.
“The pandemic has had a profound impact on South Africa,” the National Treasury said.
“All economic sectors have experienced a sharp downturn and small businesses in particular face extreme pressure. Tax revenue projections are down sharply.”
In its main budget review in February, the Treasury had predicted economic growth of 0.9 percent in 2020 for Africa’s most industrialised economy compared with a modest 0.2 percent last year.
On Wednesday, the department said the epidemiological path and economic consequences of the coronavirus pandemic were both highly uncertain and evolving rapidly, necessitating rapid adjustments in policy and forecasts.
It said over the past three months, the government had prioritised public health to save lives and had taken the difficult step of severely restricting economic activity at a time when gross domestic product (GDP) growth was already weak.
“South Africa’s R500 billion fiscal relief package is designed to help households and businesses to weather the short-term effects of the crisis,” the Treasury added.
The Treasury noted that it had for several years been warning that an absence of fiscal space would leave South Africa vulnerable to external shocks.
“That risk is now a reality,” it said. “At the time of the (February) 2020 budget, economic growth was already low and the fiscal position had deteriorated significantly. South Africa has begun heading into a debt spiral.”
In his budget speech, Finance Minister Mboweni proposed R21.5 billion for Covid‐19-related healthcare spending in a supplementary budget tabled in reaction to the pandemic and a further allocation of R12.6 billion to services at the frontline of South Africa’s response to the health crisis.
“Allocations have been informed by epidemiological modelling, a national health sector Covid‐19 cost model and our experiences over the past 100 days,” he said.
“This money partly supports increased screening and testing, allowing us to open up more and more of the economy.”
He said the country had successfully increased its Covid‐19 bed capacity to above 27 000, identified 400 quarantine sites with a capacity of around 36 000 beds across the country and deployed nearly 50 000 community healthcare workers to screen millions of South Africans.
Over 1.3 million people had been tested to date, he added.
The country’s nine provinces would add at least R5 billion for an education catch‐up plan, social welfare support for communities and the provision of quarantine sites by public works departments and responses in other sectors.
The finance minister said the government remained deeply concerned about the path of the virus.
“But, in common with several other countries that adopted a stringent, early lockdown, we have ‘flattened the curve’ and saved lives,” he added.
“The storm is not over. But, if we follow the health guidelines and make the right decisions to prepare for a new global reality then, soon enough, the days will grow calmer.”
Mboweni said building a bridge to a future beyond the current lockdown imposed to curb transmissions of Covid-19 would require building high‐quality physical bridges, roads, railways, ports and other infrastructure.
“Infrastructure will be the fly wheel by which we grow the economy,” the finance minister said.
“Just as we have toiled together to manage the pandemic, let us harness this same unity of purpose and build the infrastructure our nation needs. Our efforts to reduce consumption expenditure will also change the composition of spending in the direction of investment.”
The words of Frantz Fanon that ‘each generation must discover its mission’ come to mind every time I have an opportunity to speak with young South Africans.
No matter where they live and no matter what they do, they each have a burning desire to change the world.
While they certainly want to improve their own lives, they also want to achieve a better society and a better world. They see themselves as agents for fundamental transformation.
Throughout history young people have been a driving force for change. In just the last few decades, young people have waged numerous struggles against injustice, from the 1968 student uprising in Paris, to the anti-war movement in the United States in the 1960s, to the anti-colonial struggle in many African and Asian countries, to the fight against apartheid, to the Arab Spring.
Most recently, young people have been at the forefront of the #BlackLivesMatter movement that has gained global support in the wake of the killing of George Floyd in the United States.
Over the past week, activists around the world have also been demanding the removal of symbols that glorify the barbarity and violence of the slave trade and colonialism.
At an Oxford University demonstration last week a protestor carried a placard with the words ‘Rhodes must Fall’, the rallying cry of students in our own country five years ago.
Young people across the world have found common cause. They are tearing down of statues and symbols of racism, demanding the decolonisation of educational curricula, and calling for institutions to address racism and social exclusion.
And so, as we pay tribute to the generation of 1976 on this Youth Day, we also salute the youth of post-apartheid South Africa, the worthy inheritors of this noble legacy.
The mission of 1976 generation was to dismantle bantu education; that of today’s youth is to take forward the project of national reconciliation and transformation.
In time to come it will be said that this year, 2020, marked the start of a new epoch in human history.
Not only has coronavirus had a momentous impact on people’s lives and livelihoods, it has also shaken up the global social order.
The manner in which the pandemic has taken hold has been a reminder of the interconnectedness of the human race and of the deep inequalities that exist between countries and within countries.
The pandemic presents an opportunity to ‘reset’ a world that is characterised by crass materialism, selfishness and self-absorption not just on the part of individuals but whole societies.
Young people are telling us that the essential values of integrity, compassion and solidarity must be the hallmarks of the new society that will emerge, and that they are determined to be the champions of this new, better world.
In the discussions I have had with young people during this Youth Month, I have said that we should never underestimate the power of an idea, because ideas can and have changed the world. Ideas have spurred human progress and they are what will enable us to chart a new path in the post-coronavirus era.
These young people have turned their ideas into action. They have not let a lack of resources hinder them. They have carved a niche for themselves in a number of sectors from high-tech to environmental sustainability.
They are determined to succeed on their own merits, to not depend on handouts, and once they have ‘made it’ to help their peers.
Through programmes like the Presidential Youth Employment Initiative, the National Youth Service and many more we want to support this country’s young people to see their ideas through from incubation to opening the doors of their businesses.
Youth unemployment is the greatest challenge we face and the coronavirus pandemic has exacerbated an already dire situation.
Now more than ever we will look to the innovative and pioneering spirit of our youth to come up with solutions to the unemployment crisis that benefit them, their communities and society.
At the same time, I challenge our country’s youth to craft and design programmes that will enable us to meet our developmental goals.
In 1961, revolutionary Cuba sent legions of young student volunteers into the mountains and villages to construct schools, teach literacy and train new educators. It is still held up as one of the most successful literacy campaigns in modern history.
Our young people must develop social upliftment initiatives and they must lead them.
Just as they took up the struggle for equality in higher education, the considerable energies of our youth must also be brought to bear to fight for equitable access to health care, for the transformation of land ownership and, most importantly, for gender justice.
Like all South Africans, I have been deeply disturbed by a surge over the last few days in the murder of young women at the hands of men. These are shocking acts of inhumanity that have no place in our society.
Youth-led civic activism, awareness raising and peer counselling are vital tools in our efforts to eradicate gender-based violence from society. At the same time, we must strengthen our justice system, ensuring that perpetrators are brought to book, bail and parole conditions are tightened and that those sentenced to life spend the rest of their lives behind bars.
While this needs society-wide action, I call on young men in particular to take up the struggle against gender-based violence. Unless we end the war that is being waged against South African women, the dream of a new society will remain elusive.
Those of us who were part of student movements during the apartheid era are often asked what we think of the young people of today. There is a temptation to retreat into nostalgia about ‘the glory days’ of student politics and youth struggle, never to be replicated.
But just as the youth of yesteryear defined their mission, today’s youth have defined theirs.
South African youth of 2020 more than meet the high standard set by their predecessors. They are optimistic, resilient and courageous, often in the face of the harshest of circumstances.
They are a source of inspiration and hope. Through their actions, they are building a world that is more just, equal, sustainable and at peace.
I wish all the young people of South Africa a meaningful and inspiring Youth Day.
Police Minister Bheki Cele said on Thursday his department had scheduled intense law enforcement operations for this weekend.
He said an increasing number of illegal gatherings were taking place since the ban on the sale of alcohol was lifted last week.
Cele said this had resulted in a general increase in criminal activities and had reiterated that the consumption of alcohol remained strictly restricted to people’s homes.
“No parties, no clubbing, no coming together, no transporting of alcohol on weekends.”
Cele said there is sufficient evidence to warrant the banning of alcohol sales once more.
Cele made the comment during a visit to the families of two Durban Metro police officers who were ambushed and shot dead on Tuesday.
“I have said it all the time that if I were given the opportunity to run and decide alone on this matter, then my first prize would be to ban the alcohol because I believe there is a lot of evidence that it is not doing good,” he said.
As schools prepare to receive the first group of students next week, Justine Limpitlaw describes her experience with online schooling as a working-from-home mom. From her family’s first attempts to create a conducive learning and working environment to the learning programme prepared by her daughter’s school, Justine shares her family’s journey into a “new normal.”
My child is 11. She’s an only child. As I write this, she has been in lockdown, without coming into contact with another child, for 69 days. On 16 March, her school, Sacred Heart College in Observatory, Johannesburg, sent all the children home.
Like everyone else in South Africa and much of the world, our lives are being discombobulated by COVID-19. In some ways, the transition has been less jarring for us. My husband and I are both self-employed, used to working from home and sharing the cooking.
What we are not used to, is the fusion of working from home, sharing the cooking, weeding, watering the plants, mowing the lawn, putting out the rubbish, loading the washing machine, sweeping up the dog hair, dusting the shelves, cleaning the oven, scrubbing down toilets, … and home schooling.
Why any parent would inflict this on themselves is a wonder to me.
Round 1: Frayed nerves
Through March and early April, the first three weeks of homeschooling went by in a blur. We responded to dozens of daily emails and WhatsApp messages from teachers and printed off reams of revision exercises. I remember it as a time of real relationship stretching — to put it politely.
Mine and my husband’s different personality types make any accommodation when educating our child together just about impossible. I believed in filing everything in date order, having a timetable, marking revision exercises, and setting out a daily “to-do” list – ticking off things, one by one, as we went. I was adamant that she should wear her school uniform; he didn’t think it was appropriate. Before long, the decibel levels had reached previously unheard octaves in our house. Everyone was strained — even the dogs would hide under the table.
But through those early tumultuous days, Sacred Heart worked hard to give the kids a sense of “being at school” — together if separately. The teachers and the principal recorded the “assemblies” that are so much a part of ordinary school life before COVID-19 struck. One of the teachers did breathing and calming exercises. While I am not sure how much the Grade 5s appreciated them, I loved them and badly needed them. My daughter and her classmates were encouraged to do things, like light a candle at noon — a point of connection to remember her school friends. The Physical Education teacher provided an exercise regime that could be done anywhere —in a sprawling garden or a small flat.
Before long, the decibel levels had reached previously unheard octaves in our house. Everyone was strained.
Then, relief followed, as the holidays came and homeschooling ceased.
All we had to worry about was work and keeping to our house chores to ensure a manageable state of chaos.
Frankly, we took advantage of the holidays and put our child to work. She was tasked, daily, to lay the table for meals and pull blackjacks from the garden. There’s more. There was “a biggie” task assigned to her — the family washing. She separated colours, loaded the clothes in the machine, filled the soap dispenser, hung the clothes to dry, cleared the clothes from the lines, folded and sorted into piles for each of her family members. A task she was forced to repeat, repeat, repeat.
Round 2: Smooth sailing
When May came around, it was time for school again. I felt panic welling up. We couldn’t go back to how things had been in March and April – the constant interruptions to make sure documents printed, checking cellphone messages, Whatsapp groups and emails, to avoid falling behind. Now it was more serious — no more revision exercises — it was time to learn new things and real teaching was going to happen.
We received a plan of action. The school would resume on Google Classroom. There would be timetables, videos of lessons, “chat time” together, online worksheets and submission of documents. “This will be a dog show” — I projected bitterly and completely wrongly.
We chose Sacred Heart because we felt it was a place where our child would be happy; and not for its Prussian rigour and attention to detail. The staff seemed laid back, caring and fond of all the children given to their care. There have been times when this has driven me crazy, and …, frankly, I was dreading “Eckstein Street comes to Google Classroom”.
I couldn’t have been more wrong.
It is like she is at school and we are left to get on with life through lockdown, managing home and office.
Apart from a couple of problems, early on, with my child’s laptop (our issue not the school’s) – it has been smooth.
Our daughter gets up, goes for a walk with us, has breakfast (usually at her laptop) and is at her desk until 3pm, except for lunch and morning breaks, when — poor child — she hangs up the washing (I figured it was good physical exercise so she should carry on).
She logs on, follows the timetable, watches the lessons, downloads the worksheets, does the work, hands it in. It is like she is at school and we are left to get on with life through lockdown, managing home and office.
I kept rushing upstairs to check on her. Was she coping? Was she following? That was until one day she told me she didn’t understand the new work on angles. “Angles?” I sheepishly asked. “Right!”. My standard grade matric maths from 1984 made this a tough ask. “Why couldn’t she have had a problem with Roman law?”
I was starting to think — “It’s great when the rubber hits the road and there is real confusion, it is all back on us”— when she said, “Mom, don’t worry, a number of kids wrote in the comments that they weren’t following so we have a make-up class on Google Classroom at lunchtime with the teacher”. Phew! Happy days. She got the point — and now we all know a lot about obtuse and reflex angles.
One day, I was at my desk when one of her teachers rang me on Whatsapp. “Katie’s having a problem with science, can I talk to her?” “Is she? How do you know?” I asked, feeling like the worst parent in the world. Why didn’t I know this? “She said so on the class chat line, so I thought I would phone to talk her through it”. I handed the phone over to my child and they both got on with the science pep talk. Two minutes later, I had my phone back — issue resolved.
I know that Sacred Heart is a private school, where learners can access the Internet easily from their homes, have access to Google Classroom and teachers who reach out via WhatsApp to give extra support.
I keep hearing lots of horror stories from other private-school moms on the hardships of homeschooling. An experience in which I don’t share (not since the second term anyway). I think the teachers must have spent every minute of their April holidays preparing to make this run as smoothly as it has.
Importantly, for my husband, our beloved daughter and me, the school has managed to make it feel unusually light and fun for the learners. That’s quite a feat when you are also executing the teaching with Prussian-levels of excellence and rigour. We are feeling pretty blessed to have this school in our lives. Thank you, Sacred Heart College!
We often take our healthy and robust democracy for granted. Yet it is probably our greatest asset in our momentous struggle to overcome the coronavirus pandemic.
We have among the most politically-engaged citizenry in the world. A poll in 2018 by the Pew Research Center shows South Africans are strongly inclined to take political action about issues they feel most strongly about, such as health care, education, freedom of speech and corruption.
The poll confirms much that we already know about ourselves.
We enjoy nothing more than robust engagement with our government and among ourselves on the burning issues of the day. We have an active civil society ever ready to safeguard our fundamental freedoms and rights.
One of the triumphs of our democracy is that every South African believes the Constitution protects them and that the courts are a fair and impartial arbiter of their interests.
I got thinking on these matters during a recent visit to the Eastern Cape to assess the province’s coronavirus state of readiness.
I was asked by a journalist whether I was concerned at the pending litigation challenging certain provisions of the Disaster Management Act.
This law is the basis for all the regulations promulgated under the national state of disaster we declared to combat coronavirus.
Since the start of this crisis, a number of people have exercised their right to approach the courts.
The lockdown regulations were challenged in the very first week of the lockdown by a private citizen from Mpumalanga who wanted an exemption from the travel prohibition to attend a funeral.
In the 7 weeks that have followed, there have been legal challenges from a number of individuals, religious bodies, political parties, NGOs and from business organisations against one measure or more of the lockdown provisions they were unhappy with.
Some have succeeded in their legal challenges and some have not.
Some had approached the courts on the basis of the urgency of their cases had their urgency arguments dismissed and others have found other avenues for the relief they sought.
Others have subsequently withdrawn their applications following engagement with government.
While we would prefer to avoid the need for any legal action against government, we should accept that citizens who are unhappy with whatever action that government has decided on implementing have a right to approach our courts for any form of relief they seek. This is a normal tenet of a constitutional democracy and a perfectly acceptable practice in a country founded on the rule of law.
We have checks and balances in place to ensure that every aspect of governance is able to withstand constitutional scrutiny. Where we are found wanting, we will be held to account by our courts and, above all, by our citizens. Besides our courts, our Chapter 9 institutions exist to advance the rights of citizens, as do the bodies tasked with oversight over the law enforcement agencies.
As I told the journalist, every South African has a right to approach the courts and even I, as President, could never stand in the way of anybody exercising that right.
There has been, and will continue to be, robust and strident critique of a number of aspects of our national response to coronavirus, from the data modelling and projections, to the economic effects of the lockdown, to the regulations. As government we have neither called for such critique to be tempered or for it to be silenced.
To the contrary, criticism, where it is constructive, helps us to adapt and to move with agility in response to changing circumstances and conditions. It enriches public debate and gives us all a broader understanding of the issues at play.
We have consistently maintained that we rely on scientific, economic and empirical data when it comes to making decisions and formulating regulations around our coronavirus response. To the greatest extent possible under these challenging circumstances, we aim for consultation and engagement. We want all South Africans to be part of this national effort. The voices of ordinary citizens must continue to be heard at a time as critical as this.
The coronavirus pandemic and the measures we have taken to combat it have taken a heavy toll on our people. It has caused huge disruption and hardship. Although we can point to the progress we have made in delaying the transmission of the virus, there is still a long way to go. The weeks and months ahead will be difficult and will demand much more from our people.
The pandemic will therefore continue to place an enormous strain on our society and our institutions. Even as we gradually open up the economy, the impact on people’s material conditions will be severe. For as long as this is the case, the potential for conflict, discord and dissatisfaction will remain.
As we navigate these turbulent waters, our Constitution is our most important guide and our most valued protection. Our robust democracy provides the strength and the resilience we need to overcome this deep crisis.
Just as government appreciates that most court applicants are motivated by the common good, so too should we recognise that the decisions taken by government are made in good faith and are meant to advance, and not to harm, the interests of South Africans.
Our foremost priority remains to save lives. Our every decision is informed by the need to advance the rights to life and dignity as set out in our Constitution.
We will continue to welcome different – even dissenting – viewpoints around our national coronavirus response. All viewpoints aid us and help us to work better and smarter.
The exercise of the fundamental freedoms of expression, association and speech is a barometer of the good health of our democracy. But much more than that, these rights are essential to the success of our national and collective struggle to overcome the coronavirus.